CROASDELL FAMILY HISTORY & GENEALOGY

 

 

NAME ORIGINS

 

CROASDELL - Name Variants - Common and Uncommon

 

The main form of this name is the spelling CROASDALE and the most common variants are CROASDELL; CROISDALE; CROSDALE; CROSSDALE and CROYSDALE. The variant CROASDAILE is also found and seems to have prevailed in Ireland and with descendants of these Irish families - some of whom went to Jamaica. Other variants include CROASDILL; CROSEDILL; CROYSDILL; CROAYSDILL; CROWSDELL; CROWSDALE; and possibly CROSDIL. The occasional variants spelled with a W have mainly been found so far in census returns and represent a phonetic transcription.

 

The first syllable CROAS and the final syllable DALE are found in the majority of examples.

 

If you are interested in statistical analysis and want to know more about where the variants are found some of the research is written up in more detail. Otherwise, why not look at the Myths & Legends?

 

I have analysed statistics from several sources and plotted maps to show how the name and its variants are distributed.

 

 

 

 

GRO Death Indexes 1837 - 1870

 

All Croasdale variant entries from the indexes have been extracted, listed and sorted into Registration Districts. These were allocated to counties and the distribution plotted on the Death Index map.

Death Index Map

 

The breakdown and some statistical analysis is shown in Where were we then - distribution in the 19th century.

Of 556 entries 83% i.e. 460 were registered in the county of Lancashire. 39 entries were from Yorkshire (7%) 26 from London (5%) and only 8 (1%) from Cumberland, which is where the dictionaries claim the name originated!

 

The analysis also showed that the spelling CROASDELL accounted for 45 entries (8%) and the variants CROSSDALE for 53 (10%) and CROISDALE for 39 (7%).

 

17 of the CROASDELL entries i.e. 39% were registered in Ulverstone.

 

Who are these people?

Most of the CROASDELL entries have already been identified in my research - of these a small group are descended from one Henry Croasdell in London who married there in 1783. Most of the rest are descendants of my own ancestor Henry Croasdell who moved to Furness from Waddington in Yorkshire in about 1720. The 8 Liverpool & West Derby CROASDELLs also belong to that same family. There are small pockets of other variants which it may be worth investigating in future to determine when the variant arose. Areas around Leeds and Bradford seem to have adopted the CROISDALE variant and the area around Manchester and Oldham shows the greatest preponderance of CROSDALEs and CROSSDALEs. Variants with the suffix DILL and those which include a "Y" are very rare.

 

19th century inhabitants of Lancashire

The IHGS map of Lancashire was also used to plot the distribution of the 460 entries in that county.

Lancashire Distribution

This shows a spread along the Ribble valley, and migrations southward to the cotton towns of Industrial Lancashire, westward to the port of Liverpool and northward to the county town and onward to Furness. I believe that all 23 entries for Ulverstone, both CROASDELL and CROASDALE variants are descended from the one migrant from Waddington. The map highlighted the Lancaster families which might merit further investigation. There was a strong presence in Chorley in the 19th century and the greatest numbers were found, as today, in the Blackburn area.

 

Variants from the IGI

The data for this analysis was taken from the CD ROM version of the IGI, copied in September 1998 and sorted into counties. It doesn't include data from the Vital Records Index. This project was undertaken because the IGI includes some of the earliest references and could help to show the name's locational origins more clearly. The name occurs in only 21 counties and only four - Lancashire, Yorkshire London and Lincoln have entries of more than single figures. The two main factors which could adversely affect information extracted from the IGI are that not all parishes are covered and that an eclectic selection of variants is grouped together.

 

The IGI map shows the distribution of all the variants.

All Variants Map

The 21 entries in Lincoln are primarily 16th century and some 17th century, with only a couple of later date. There is a much greater number of entries in Yorkshire than in later distribution maps but some of this may be accounted for by the fact that the Lancashire/Yorkshire borders have changed and the topographical features which relate to the name ie Croasdale Fell, Beck etc are in the "disputed" area around the Forest of Bowland. Waddington, which is where very many entries are found is part of Yorkshire in the IGI although its records are now kept at the Lancashire Record office.

 

Not surprisingly the third highest number of entries is in London since many people would be attracted to the capital, as they are now. It is probable that there are links between some of the London entries and the Yorkshire/Lancashire entries although it isn't always possible to discover the origins of London citizens, An administration of 1795 for another Henry Croasdell of Cornhill, London clearly states that his father is Richard Croasdell of Bouth (in Furness) in the County Palatine of Lancaster but this sort of evidence is rare.

 

The entries shown in Devon are of the variant CROSDIL which may be from a local source and of a different derivation as both syllables differ from the predominant ones. The Lincolnshire entries may be worth further investigation on a one-name study basis as the name virtually disappears from this area in later years.

 

The 1881 census

 

This exercise was carried out before the 1881 census was available on CD ROM! I counted physically the Croasdell entries from a printed copy of the national returns and analysed the birthplaces by county. I excluded wives and widows who would not have been born Croasdell.

The 1881 Census map shows a high concentration in Furness, 39 out of the 73 entries i.e. 53%, descendants of Henry Croasdell who migrated from Waddington.

My research has shown that the Liverpool and Essex births also descend from the same family, as do the Cumberland and Westmoreland entries. Most of the London/Kent/Surrey entries are descendants of the Henry Croasdell who married at St Geo Hanover Square in 1783 and whose origins have not yet been traced further back.

1881 Census Distribution

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